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new world system theory PISM publication - update
by Tausch, Arno
20 February 2002 12:11 UTC
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please now find the e-mail and fax numbers for the ordering of these new

The Polish Institute of International Affairs


Series: Collections
Edited by Ryszard Stemplowski

Orders should be placed by e-mail to


or by fax to 

Polish Institute for International Affairs
ul. Warecka 1a, 00-950 Warszawa
Poland (48) 22 - 826 8882

Transnational Terrorism in the World System Perspective

Edited by Ryszard Stemplowski
ISBN 83-915767-4-4
Invitation to Debate on the Transnational Terrorism in the World System
From the Editor (p. 7)

Albert J. Bergesen, Omar A. Lizardo
Terrorism and World-System Theory (p. 9)
Georgi M. Derluguian
Terrorism, the Weapon of the Organizationally Weak (p. 23)
Robert A. Denemark
Terrorism in the World System: Hypotheses for Core and Periphery (p. 47)
Carlos Escudé
When Security Reigns Supreme: The Postmodern World-System vis a vis 
Globalized Terrorism and Organized Crime (p. 69)
Jonathan Fox
Religion and Terrorism in the World System (p. 97)
Slawomir Debski, Jacek Foks, Beata Górka-Winter
Globalisation and Terrorism (p. 121)
Bartosz Bolechów
Terrorism as the Factor Destabilising International Community (p. 131)
Anatoly L. Adamishin
Is It Possible to Rescue Our Civilization? (p. 157)
Walter Laqueur
Reflections about Terrorism, Old and New (p. 167)
Contributors about themselves (p. 183)

The European Union in the World System Perspective

Edited by Ryszard Stemplowski
ISBN 83-915767-3-6
Invitation to Debate on the European Union in the World System Perspective
From the Editor (p. 7)
Hans-Heinrich Nolte
The European Union within the Modern World-System (p. 9)
Arno Tausch
The European Union and the World-System (p. 45)
Carlos Escudé
The European Union and Global Security 
in the Postmodern World-System (p. 95)
Gernot Köhler
European Unemployment as a World-System Problem (p. 121)
Ewa Maziarz and Anna Pochylczuk
The European Union and Globalising Forces (p. 133)
Aleksander Müller
The European Integration as a Response and an Initiative (p. 153)
Joseph E. Bigio
Taking the Sting Out of Globalization for Europe (p. 175)
Contributors about themselves (p. 195)

The Polish Institute for International Affairs Act 1996 established the
Institute to carry on research and provide expertise in international
affairs, run courses for public servants, inform the public, co-operate with
political, research and/or teaching organisations in Poland and abroad,
maintain a library (open to the public), organise conferences, publish
books, periodicals and documents on the Polish foreign policy and related
matters. The previously existing Institute (namesake, est. 1949) was closed
down in 1995. The new Institute is a state entity and a legal person. The
funding comes from the Budget, The State Committee for Scientific Research,
and private sponsors. The first director, appointed for five years by the
Prime Minister, was installed in October 1999. Employs forty individuals
(staff of eighty by 2003). 

The Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs appoints the Institute's Advisory
Council, including a representative of the President of the Republic,
representatives of the major Parliamentary caucuses, academics, officials. 

A quarterly publication: "Polski Przeglad Dyplomatyczny" (The Polish
Diplomatic Review). Forthcoming periodical publication: "The Polish Foreign
Affairs Digest" - English language versions and summaries of pieces
published in Polski Przeglad Dyplomatyczny and other sources.
The Cabinet shall adopt the Bye-Laws for the Institute. The Prime Minister
shall appoint Director of the Institute for five years. The Minister of
Foreign Affairs shall supervise the Institute with respect to the
aforementioned Act of Parliament. The Council of the Institute, acting as an
advisory body, shall include among its members: Specialists in international
affairs (appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs), a representative of
the President of the Republic, and members representing the Parliamentary
Parties in the Sejm (Chamber of Deputies). The funding comes from the
Budget, The National Research Fund Committee, and private sponsors.

The first Director of the new Institute, Ryszard Stemplowski, LLM, PhD,
DHabil. (Hist.), was installed on October 6, 1999. He was senior research
fellow of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1973-1990), and served as Chief of
the Chancellery (Chief Clerk) of the Chamber of Deputies (1990-1993) and
Ambassador to London (1994-1999). Professor, Warsaw School of Economics
(SGH), since 2001.

Excerpt from the Tausch paper:

Authors as divergent as Andre Gunder Frank, Giovanni Arrighi and Erich Weede
would predict further European relative decline in the global economy. This
harsh critique by the growing number of eurosceptics among professional
social scientists now precisely is, that the Union, as it is structured, is
not the answer to the problems, but the very reason for them. 

The beginning decade of the 2000's seems to repeat the experience of the
1990s, and 1970s and early 1980s, when the term 'Eurosclerosis' was
originally coined:

Big government, that has been the political strategy of many European
countries over the Kondratieff-B-phase of the late 1960s, the 1970s, and the
1980s, with a resulting explosion of government intervention into the
economy, characterizes the landscape.

Big unemployment, big government, big taxes, big divisions in the social
fabric, big wage increases for those with secure jobs, while the others wait
out in the cold, big expenditures for little real redistribution (in fact,
Europe could only prevent that a large percentage of the population falls
under the 50% of average income poverty threshold-line, but the percentage
of poor people under 14.40 $ per capita and day as well as the percentage of
people who die before reaching age 60% are bigger in EU-Europe than in other
western democracies), big gender discrimination, big social stagnation,
marginalization of elderly women, little attraction for new generations and
for new foreign investment, little emphasis on health expenditures - that's
the way how neo-liberal and world system critics see the EU-Europe as

Table : the correlates of years of EU membership on the level of western
stable democracies:

male long-term unemployment rate        0,71    
female long-term unemployment rate      0,69    
tax revenue per GDP     0,60    
central government expenditures per GDP 0,60    
alcohol consumption per capita and year 0,54    
young adults as % of total prisoners    0,42    
real earnings per employee growth rate 1980-92  0,40    
long-term unemployment as % of total labor force        0,38    
expenditure on labor market programs as % of GDP        0,32    
female unpaid family workers as % of total working population   0,30    
female unemployment rate        0,29    
prisoners per total population  0,29    
% population below 14,40 $ per day      0,28    
annual rate of deforestation    0,26    
total unemployment rate 0,23    
% people expected not to survive age 60 0,23    
maternal mortality rate 0,22    
unemployment benefits expenditures per GOVEX    0,20    
real GDP poorest 20%    0,19    
one person households headed by women aged >65 per total households     0,19

private consumption as % of GDP 0,18    
trees defoliated, as % of all trees     0,12    
male unemployment rate  0,09    
budget surplus/deficit per GDP  -0,17   
real GDP richest 20%    -0,19   
net foreign direct investment as % of GNP       -0,19   
public expenditure on education as % of GNP     -0,20   
female economic activity rate   -0,21   
GNP growth 1980-95      -0,21   
tertiary students per total population  -0,22   
female tertiary students per 100.000 women      -0,25   
weekly hours of work in manufacturing   -0,29   
forest and woodland as % of total area  -0,29   
female administrators and managers as % of total prof. group    -0,30   
internal renewable water resources per capita   -0,30   
women in government as % of total gov. jobs     -0,31   
female professional and technical workers as % of total prof. group
gross domestic investment rate  -0,34   
labor force participation rate  -0,37   
public expenditure on health as % of total PUBEX        -0,43   
annual projected population growth rate 1995-2015       -0,51   
% population below 50% income poverty line      -0,52   
public expenditure on education as % of GOVEX   -0,53   

Western Europe lost in terms of world market shares in a secular trend
vis-à-vis the countries of the Pacific; the dynamics of growth in the world
economy seem to work to the detriment of the old European centers. Asia's
'basics' are healthier than expected, and the tide turns to the detriment of
the Europeans, now that the initial positive effects of European Monetary
Union fade away and transnational capital flows again to the Pacific region.
This is also the true background to the present weakness of the 'Euro'. With
or without the Manhattan bombing, the EURO started above 1.05 US $ in
November 1999, and is now at 87 cents, i.e. there was a two-year loss of
more than 15%.

Table: the EU in the capitalist world system. Relative share in %

EU share in top world collective service companies      74,60   
EU share in world development aid       56,40   
EU share in top world intermediary good companies       55,30   
EU share in top world insurance companies       55,00   
EU share in top world energy companies  50,20   
EU share in OECD total unemployment     47,70   
EU share in top world banking companies 45,90   
EU share in top world automobile industry       41,60   
EU share in top world chemical and pharma companies     40,00   
EU share in top world electrical equipment companies    38,30   
EU share in top world distribution companies    38,10   
EU share in OECD total GDP      36,50   
EU share in top world food industries   34,30   
EU share in OECD population     34,30   
EU share in top world telecom companies 33,70   
EU share in OECD defense expenditure    33,50   
EU share in top world electronical companies    25,70   
EU share in the turnover of the top 45 world companies  21,10   
EU share in top world consumer good companies   17,10   
EU share in top world defense/aeronautic industries     16,80   
EU share in top world mass communication companies      10,10   
EU share in top world informatic companies      0,00    

The fundamentals of the European Union still reflect the realities of the
late 1950s and still comprise the following sectors (i) the coal and steel
community (ii) agricultural self-sufficiency (iii) the customs union. The
new international division of labor, that characterizes the world economy
since the late 1960s, is the prime challenge to the logic of the Union,
built around and evolving from the Franco-German alliance of the late 1950s
(Inotai, 1993). Precisely these sectors are most seriously affected by world
economic and technological changes.

From an analytical viewpoint, one might even maintain that western Europe
betrayed the chance of transformation in the East by dumping highly
subventioned agricultural products on the Eastern markets and by prolonging
the explicit and implicit trade barriers against Eastern exports, especially
in agriculture. At any rate, East Central Europe did not receive the
economic support it needed during the crucial transformation years:

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