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Re: French Candidates
by Michael Pugliese
24 April 2002 05:32 UTC
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   Two side notes. J.P. Chevemement  was in the 70's the leader of a  current 
the SP which was considered, "left  nationalist." Doug Ireland in In  These
Times, http://www.inthesetimes.com ,  April 15th issue, in reply to a  letter 
the editor said this, "Chevement's  presidential candidacy, as distinct  from 
MDC (Citizen's Movement, M.P.) has  been marked by a significant drift  to the
right on his part that has been  widely commented on in the French  press. He's
also been allied with a host of  figures including the monarchist,  right-wing,
anti-Semitic Catholics of the Action  Francaise, former supporters of the
immigrant-baiting, ex-conservative  Interior Minister Charles Pasqua,  refugees
from the untra-conservative RPF, the  right-wing Pierre Poujade and more.  In
Chevement's presidential coalition,  which has a seperate structure, the  MDC 
only one, rather small component."
   Magret, was the candidate of the  split from the National Front a few  yrs.
Books at Duke University Press
... People, Policies, and  Organization of the French National  Front Published
1999 $19.95
   Politics on the Fringe
: The People, Policies, and  Organization of the French National  Front
Edward G. DeClair

280 pages ( 1999)
26 tables, 2 figures
ISBN 0-8223-2237-4 Cloth - $54.95

ISBN 0-8223-2139-4 Paperback - $19.95

Once a marginal political coalition,  the French National Front has become  the
most high-profile far-right  organization in Europe. In Politics  on the Fringe
Edward G. DeClair provides the first  extensive analysis of the Front?s  
from its creation in 1972 and outcast  status in the early 1980s to its
achievement of broad-based support  and show of political strength in  the 1997

Using rare, in-depth interviews with

twenty-nine members of the Front  elite, as well as public opinion  survey data
and electoral results, DeClair  examines the internal structure of  the Front,
its political agenda, and its growing  influence in France. DeClair shows  how
the party has dramatically expanded  its traditionally narrow core  
by capitalizing upon anxieties about  national identity, immigration,  European
unification, and rising unemployment.  In illustrating how the rhetoric
surrounding such topics is key to the  Front?s success, DeClair examines  the
Front?s legacy by detailing the links  between the French far-right and  
movements in such countries as  Germany, Belgium, Austria, Italy,  and the 
States. Finally, Politics on the  Fringe offers not only a complete  picture of
the Front?s increasingly influential  role in French partisan politics but  
further insight into the resurgence  of right-wing extremism throughout  
societies in the late twentieth  century.

This volume will be of primary

importance to political scientists  and those engaged with European  politics,
culture, and history. It will also  appeal to those concerned with  right-wing
populism and political movements.

?The specter of right-wing

populism presents a major challenge  to the party systems of western  Europe. 
taking an empirically-based,  ideologically- neutral approach to a  very
emotional subject, Politics on the  Fringe offers a deeper understanding  of 
National Front and a greater insight  into its internal organizational
behavior.??Vincent E. McHale, Case  Western Reserve University

?Politics on the Fringe is simply

the best book on the French National  Front available in the English  language.
Intelligent, original, thoughtful,  careful, and well-written, it is a  
mixture of primary and secondary  research. Its insights into the  minds and
motives of the National Front and its  supporters will undoubtedly serve as  
foundation for our understanding of  this important far right group for  years 
come.??Anthony Messina, Tufts  University

Edward G. DeClair is Associate

Professor in the Department of  Political Science at Lynchburg  College.

4/23/02 1:02:53 AM, Irene Heinstein <IreneTH@cal.berkeley.edu> wrote:


4/23/02 4:57:32 PM, jeay <Anne-Marie.Jeay@univ-nancy2.fr> wrote:

>I made this picture of "our" political world for my students,  you could be
>interested to read something different of what is in newspapers?
>Candidates are ranked from right wing to left wing
>Informations are :
>Name - Party - % - religion - origin or historical leader - main values
>from their official leaflets - European politics
> Megret - 2,2% - no religious references - FN and Le Pen - xenophobia,
>security, European Union no
> Le Pen - 16,86% - Catholic nationalism - in the tradition of older right
>wing movements such as "Action Française" etc...., "different people in
>different countries"  that means territory linked to ethnicity, France to
>the French, EU no
> Boutin- 1,2% - Catholic fundamentalism - UDF dissidence - anti abortion,
> anti gay, anti differences , anti anything that looks different and for
>helping the poor, the working people, the family and the fatherland, EU yes
> Madelin - 3.9 % - Catholic libéralism - "Droite Libérale"  , right wing and
>economic liberalism ( a kind of Bush ideology) - capital, business, global
>economy, liberalism, anti welfare state, EU yes
> Bayrou - 6,9% - Social Catholicism - in the UDF - e.g. Giscard - camp. A
>member of the classical make up of the French "legitimate" right- family,
>morality, work, charity and security,  little bit of ecology (Sustainable
>Development), EU yes
> Saint Josse - 3,9% - Traditional Catholic - CPNT that means Hunting,
> Fishing, Nature and Tradition, a movement based on hunters, fishermen,
>nature fetishism and tradition, somewhat similar to a combination
>NRA-Sierra Club- new as a political party  - values to live in your own
>village, welfare state and traditional behaviors, EU no
> Lepage - 1,7%- Brittany catholicism social and progressit- from RPR -
>Agenda 21, EU yes [a social and left-leaning catholic take on RPR, Chirac's
>party (sic)]
> Chirac - 19,88% - "Light"  Catholicism and other religious "ideas" -
>historical leader De
>Gaulle - France, nation, global economy, security and power, EU yes
> Jospin - 16,18% - Protestant  (all of his friends and goverment team) - PS
>and F Mitterand - akin to Tony Blair , security, serious work etc? His
>first words were : "my programm is not socialist, it is modern", his value
>is an unexplained modernism, EU yes
> Chevénement - 5,4% - Protestant and Freemasons - "dissidents
>du PS" - France, national sovereignity, Republic, security, defense, a bit
>of ecology - UE no
> Mamère - 5,2% - Protestant and Freemasons- green party - against nuclear
>energy, against cars and pollution, that is all their ecological programm,
>EU yes
> Taubira - 2,32% - laics - Parti Radical - Mendes France - Laicity,
>Republic, respect, equality
> Hue - 3,5% - PC Communist party - no comments evrybody knows their origins
>and values unchanged still 1960, EU yes
> Laguiller - 5,72%- LO Lutte Ouvrière, soft trotkistes [Trotskyst]- this
>party was settled
>by Trotsky himself -workers, workers, workers, EU waffling
> Gluckstein - 0,47% - PT Parti des Travailleurs - populism as ideas,
>elitism as leadership, a welfare state for workers, young and poors, anti
>state, EU no comment
> Besancenot - 4,25% - LCR  Ligue Communiste Révolutionaire , hard
>Trotskyst, and Alain Krivine, seventies "gauchistes" - welfare state for
>the young, retirement system,  poors, and employment, against profit, EU no
>"César demandait à rétablir la royauté ; les Romains s'effarouchent : mais
>ils lui accordent, sous le nom d'empereur, le pouvoir suprême qu'ils lui
>avaient refusé sous celui du roi." (Jean Paul Marat, Les chaînes de
>l'esclavage, 1774, p 141)

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