L-I: (Fwd) Re: Geostrategy for Eurasia and Eurasianism Nestor Miguel
Gorojovsky leninist-international Sun, 28 Feb 1999 09:56:24 +0000 El 28 Feb
99 a las 0:15, Mark Jones nos dice(n):
Nestor Miguel Gorojovsky wrote:
> Bertil posted a quote from Alexander Rutskoi:
L-I: Re: Geostrategy for Eurasia and Eurasianism III Mark Jones leninist-
international Tue, 02 Mar 1999 14:41:23 +0000
From the New Age magazine that prints stuff like this
http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/Articles.html , People's Korea After Fifty
On 9 September the Democratic People's Republic of Korea celebrated its
50th anniversary. HUGH STEPHENS, in this exclusive for New Dawn, reports on
the spectacular celebrations and introduces us to a people forging ahead
with their own independent path of justice, peace and progress. A rare
insight into the history and ideology of People's Korea, a bastion of
defiance in the face of foreign threats and the corporate global (dis)
order. And this, Stalin: The Untold Story
Who really was Joseph Stalin? Messiah or madman? A controversial
examination of his achievements and rise to international prominence.
Explains why many in the former Soviet Union still revere his memory, while
others constantly demonise his name. Fascinating reading.
From Neo-Eurasianism to National Paranoia: Renaissance of Geopolitics
in Russia by Anssi Kullberg, May 2001
In autumn 2000 the attraction of Vladimir Putin towards Eurasianist
thinking was shown in his search for ideological basis for the direction of
rising Russian imperialism from the thoughts of the well-known Russian
nationalist and dissident, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Now Putin is getting
much more dangerous schools of Eurasianist thought behind his back. The
Russian ultra-nationalist and geopolitician Aleksandr Dugin founded on 21st
April the "Eurasianist Movement", which advocates an empire of all Eurasia,
dominated by Russia. Dugin is considered as Greater-Russian and passionate
agitator of crusader mentality against "Islamic threat". Dugin has also
attacked against the Baltic countries, Poland, Turkey and other frontier
nations around Russia. He has strong contacts to Western European extreme
right, among others, to the French Front National and Belgian Vlaams Blok.
The Synergon network of European extreme right that spreads hatred against
the United States, Turkey, Israel as well as the moderate Muslims of the
Balkans and Caucasus, and defends Russian and Serbian policies, openly
admires Dugin and translates his texts into European languages.
...Dugin and the Return of Eurasianism
Dugin is not constructing the new applicant ideology for "Russian mission"
alone. A pro-Moscow Islamic mufti Farid Salman praised Dugin’s movement and
stated that "Eurasianism represents a suitable answer against the
supporters of Satanic Wahhabism, who have penetrated Russia". "Wahhabism"
is a myth created by KGB, and used widely in Soviet and later Russian
propaganda to brand any Islamic opposition movement. In fact, Wahhabism is
a puritan Sunnite school, which enjoys the official religious status in
Saudi Arabia. It is absolutely against the moderate Sufi traditions of
Islam, represented for example by Chechens and Albanians.
The fanatic anti-American Dugin expectedly admires Putin, and demands
"total support" for the leader of Russia, the empire designed to dominate
Eurasia. Dugin’s movement has been completed with loyalist nomenclature
representatives of various faiths, including the foreign affairs secretary
of the Patriarchate, Vsevolod Chaplin, an Islamic mufti Talgut Tadzhuddin,
a Jewish rabbi Avram Shmulevich, and a Buddhist leader Did-Khabalam.
Following the Soviet tradition, loyalist religious leaders usually share
background in the KGB. The goals of the Eurasianist movement are to rise
Russia into Eurasian hegemony and to unite the different religions of
Eurasia against the "great Satan", the United States. The Western European
Synergon network, which unites anti-American rightist powers, supports the
Eurasianists. The Synergon’s leader Robert Steuckers recently gave an
interview in support for Dugin in a Georgian newspaper "Free Eurasia".
Eurasianism, influencing in Russia in the czarist times already, always
carried nationalist character, and had as its cornerstones fanatic hatred
against the West, originally especially the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and
emphasis on Greater Russian imperialism. Originally, the Eurasianists
demanded Russia’s complete divorce from the "corrupted" Europe, and
redirecting herself towards Eurasia. The great names of Eurasianism
included Count Nikolai Trubetskoi (1890-1938) who was active in the 1920s.
His followers were the economic geographicist Pyotr Savitsky (1895-1965),
the jurist and philologist Nikolai Alekseyev (1879-1964), the religious
philosopher, cultural historian and medievalist Lev Karsavin (1882-1952)
and the well-known historian Georgy Vernadsky (1887-1973). During the Cold
War, in the 1960s, the leading star of Eurasianism was the historian Lev
Gumilyov, who supported Greater Russian imperialism, gained strange
influences from fascism, and created singular epoch theories of the rise,
expansion and fall of great nations.
In the Soviet times, Eurasianism was especially popular among KGB, the Red
Army, and Alpha troops. Dugin is himself son of a KGB officer, besides
being an historian. In the 1980s he appeared as a fanatic anti-Semitist who
demanded the expelling of all Jews from Russia. In the 1990s he, together
with Eduard Limonov and their network, translated and spread the texts of
German and Italian fascists in Russia. At the same time, they spread their
own texts and Russian geopolitics to the West through the networks of the
"new right", including Synergon. Nowadays, Dugin acts as an advisor to the
communist leader Gennady Seleznyov and is spreading propaganda against
Turkey and Caucasian nations.
According to Dugin, it is the duty of Russia to destroy the West. He thinks
that the "ocean powers" Great Britain and U.S. represent "evil" in the
universe. For Russian geopoliticians it has always been characteristics to
adopt the ideas of Western geopoliticians, but to mirror them into
opposite. This has also been Dugin’s method. He has adopted the classical
geopolitical theories of Mackinder, Mahan, Ratzel, Haushofer and even the
Nazi geopolitician Carl Schmidt.
According to Dugin and his European supporters, Eurasia must be organised
in Russian leadership into a continental geopolitical power, which shall
reach hegemony and global dominance, and thereby overcome the Anglo-Saxon
"evil". Russia can gain "military, ideological and geoeconomical hegemony",
"geopolitical dominance", which is directed against the United States, by
subjecting all Eurasia under Moscow’s power. This must happen "in union
with Europe". To achieve these goals, "Russia must take control over all
strategic transport routes from East to West and from North to South".
According to Victor Yasmann, Putin has stated identical ideas.
Eurasianism has been transformed, for example in its relationship to
religious questions (first fanatically Christian, then atheist, then
presenting itself as multi-confessional), ideological questions (first
czarist, then communist, now Russian nationalist), and its relationship to
Europe (first fanatically anti-European, while now seeking European-Russian
alliance against America). However, it has maintained certain
characteristiques all the way: 1) Imperialism and expansionism. 2) Seeing
Russia in the leading role. 3) Unconditional antagonism and conflict in
regard to the "West", which is seen as the absolute enemy. 4) Tendency to
Messianic thinking. According to Dugin, "in the conflict between Eurasia
and the West there is no peaceful solution – it can only end in the victory
of one and destruction of the other".
According to Dugin’s own words, his goal is not to rise into leadership in
the empire, but only to aim at "ideological power" – making his own
Eurasianist visions the state ideology of the Kremlin. Putin has adopted
frighteningly positive attitude at Dugin’s ideas, and Dugin’s network has
reached a lot of popularity also elsewhere among the nomenclatura of former
Soviet Union. An example has been the Kazakh president Nursultan
Nazarbayev, who has openly praised Eurasianism. In the new capital of
Kazakhstan, Astana (former Aqmola), the "Eurasian University" has been
named after Lev Gumilyov, and when Putin recently visited Kazakhstan, the
walls of the university were decorated with Dugin’s slogans.
In December 2000, the Kazakhstani ambassador in Moscow, Tair Mansurov,
wrote in Moscow News about Nazarbayev’s intentions to advocate "multipolar
world" – that is, world order where Russia and China would rise to
challenge the U.S. supremacy as rival superpowers. Like traditionally,
Eurasianism again mirrors the West: Nazarbayev’s initiatives include for
example "Eurasian Union" and "Eurasian Economic Community", founded in
Astana in October 2000. The OSCE process is in turn imitated by creation of
an "Asian Conference of Co-operation, Friendship and Mutual Aid".
3. EURASIANISM: DUGIN'S NEW PROGRAM
SOURCE. Programma i ustav politicheskoi partii "Evraziia" [Program and
Statutes of the Political Party "Eurasia"] (Moscow: "Arktogeia-Tsentr,"
The Russia Journal
July 12-18, 2002
The rebirth of Eurasianism
By GORDON M. HAHN